Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

Type 2 diabetes is a disorder that impedes glucose, protein and fat metabolism. In healthy individuals, insulin (produced naturally in the body) helps convert food into energy. In Type 2 diabetics, cells become insensitive to insulin action and cannot convert glucose into energy. As a result, glucose levels rise and the pancreas increases insulin production in a futile attempt to compensate. This condition is known as hyperglycemia.

Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes, occurring in ninety to ninety-five percent of the diabetic population. Diabetes is diagnosed when blood glucose levels are measured at a minimum of 126 mg/dl or more on at least two occasions. People with the condition must carefully control their food intake and energy expenditure to keep blood sugar within safe levels.

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